Moniru Ravanipur

Moniru Ravanipur is an internationally acclaimed innovative writer who is the author of ten titles published in Iran, including two collections of short fiction, Kanizu and Satan’s Stones, and the novels The Drowned, Heart of Steel,  and Gypsy by Fire.  Her tales, described as “reminiscent in their fantastic blend of realism, myth, and superstition of writers like Rulfo, Garcia Marquez, even Tutuola,” frequently take as their setting the small, remote village in southern Iran where she was born. Nahid Mozaffari, editor of Strange Times, My Dear:  The PEN Anthology of Contemporary Iranian Literature, writes that Ravanipour “has been successful in the treatment of the complex subjects of tradition and modernity, juxtaposing elements of both, and exposing them in all their contradictions without idealizing either.”  Ms. Ravanipour was among seventeen activists to face trial in Iran for their participation in the 2000 Berlin Conference, accused of taking part in anti-Iran propaganda. Copies of her current work were recently stripped from bookstore shelves in Iran in a countrywide police action.  She is a former Brown University International Writers Project Fellow


Moniro Ravanipur was born on 1952, in Boushehr, South of Iran.  Lived in Boushehr till she was 17, and moved to Shiraz for Pahlavi Private High school.

Joined  Shiraz Pahlavi University in 1972 and studied Chemistry andthen changed major and took a degree in Psychology.

She started theatre in Boushehr and joined the Theatre and Literary Society of Boushehr

Acting /Theatre Experience:          

Working in theatre in shiraz and banned play of Abazar Ghafari

1967 Mother, A play by Manouchehr Atashi

1975 Working with Shiraz Theatre Group for producing a play named Moalem, by Shapour Jowrkesh

1976 Participating in Tous Theatre Festival, and working with Shapour Jowrkesh for a play named Khoubchehr

Left Iran for the U.S in 1976 for studies but went back to Iran due the revolution and after 2 years got accepted in the master’s program in Psychology in Tehran University.

In early post revolution years she was involved in political activities and since she was at risk of being arrested she left school. During these years, her brother was executed, all her sister were banned from education if high school and college,  one of her sisters and her husband were sentenced to death penalty and escaped Iran, one of her brother in laws got arrested 4 times. For a decade, she couldn’t have a stable place to live due to the mentioned situation, and moved from one place to another.  She wrote her first short story collection in 1977 named The Sparrow and Mr. President.  She worked the grave yard shift nurse in a private hospital and also two medicine factories with fake name and information during the first years after the revolution. A part of her political activities was with the Kurds and she lost some of her best friends during those years. Ahsan Nahid, Shahryar Nahid, Jamil, and Zhila were four of her Kurd friends who were executed under Ayatollah Khalkhali’s era.

She started writing again from 1965, and wrote childrens’ books and screen plays.

A year before Iran-Iraq was she went almost to the City Khanegheyn boundaries, for writing a novel about war using the id of a Martyr’s mother.

After `988 she published her works with her name and in 1994 for the first time she was invited the Women’s studies Organziation of Wien, and then she was invited for speeches to 21 countries. After that she was invited by: Khaneh farhang haye jahan, Gute Institute, Markaz Adabi gumushluk budrum, Gutemberg expo in Sweden, Hanriech Boll, in gernamny, france, the u.s. …

She is famous for using magic realism, but the truth is that she uses the bitter reality she found in the happenings and life in her homeland. Despite the bold use of surrealism and magical realism, she uses realism too. And it’s not only about the rural world, but her work pictures life and culture in the urban life as well.

In 2006 she moved to the U.S. getting an scholarship in Brown university  and then at UNLV’s black mountain institute’s city of asylum as a visiting author for 3 years.

During her stay in the U.S. she has gone to Sacremento, Pitsburg, San Francisco, Providence , for lectures and speeches. Her short stories have been translated into: French, German, Swedish, Turkish, English, Arabic, Kurdish, Chinese,…

Members of

Mothers for peace,

(from first supports of ) One million signatures, her speech during the campaign was banned by the police.

Kanoon nevisandegan,

Activist groups





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